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When and why is a bone marrow transplant necessary?

There are a number if diseases that plague the world today. While some of them are minor which can be easily treated, there are others which are quite fatal and have catastrophic results. Whatever the disease might be, however mild or severe, humans are always on the run to find a cure for them and one such extreme cure includes bone marrow transplant.

There are quite a few well renowned bone marrow transplant doctors india who are known to perform this technique which is used as a treatment of some of the most fatal diseases that is known to mankind. Before pinpointing when and why this operation is necessary, we need to understand what bone marrow is and what transplant means.

What is bone marrow and bone marrow transplant?

Bone marrow is a substance that is found in our bones which have both regeneration as well as generative powers. It is the place from where new cells in your body are manufactured and old cells can be replaced or regenerated. It is one of the most basic necessities of our body and if anything negatively affects the bone marrow it directly affects the cell production of the body, which will ultimately lead to death. Transplant is a process by which one organ or substance in our body is exchanged with another one, or by a purified version of the older one itself. These are very risky operations and involve a lot of care and attention, but if conducted successfully in expert hands can grant an ailing patient a long and healthy life. The process of replacing bone marrow with new bone marrow taken from another patient, or by replacing your old bone marrow with a purified version of the older one, is known as a bone marrow transplant.

When is bone marrow transplant necessary?

The most common disease during which bone marrow transplant is a necessity is leukaemia or more popularly known as blood cancer. Since it is the blood cells that are produced in the bone marrow, when one has leukaemia the source is often in the bone marrow; which needs to be replaced before the cancer spreads to other parts of the body. This is a very common treatment method for leukaemia and if done early then can prevent the spread of the cancer in the body. Other diseases that can be treated with bone marrow transplant are sickle cell anaemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, disorders associated with immune deficiency and similar diseases.

How does bone marrow transplant help?

The main thing that a bone marrow transplant does it that it replaces the old and degenerating cells with new and fresh ones which in turn increases the immunity of the body in general since it is related to white blood cells. It can thus in the process replace the cancerous cells with healthy ones. You can get in touch with any of the many famous doctors for bone marrow transplant in india if you think you need to undergo this procedure.

This is a very effective way of treating some life threatening diseases and hence is a well practised process throughout the world.